Tag: barthélémy

Super-resolution data assimilation

Barthélémy, S., Brajard, J., Bertino, L., Counillon, F. 2022: Super-resolution data assimilation. Ocean Dyn. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-022-01523-x

Summary: Increasing model resolution can improve the performance of a data assimilation system because it reduces model error, the system can more optimally use high-resolution observations, and with an ensemble data assimilation method the forecast error covariances are improved. However, increasing the resolution scales with a cubical increase of the computational costs. A method that can more effectively improve performance is introduced here. The novel approach called “Super-resolution data assimilation” (SRDA) is inspired from super-resolution image processing techniques and brought to the data assimilation context. Starting from a low-resolution forecast, a neural network (NN) emulates the fields to high-resolution, assimilates high-resolution observations, and scales it back up to the original resolution for running the next model step. The SRDA is tested with a quasi-geostrophic model in an idealized twin experiment for configurations where the model resolution is twice and four times lower than the reference solution from which pseudo-observations are extracted. The assimilation is performed with an Ensemble Kalman Filter. We show that SRDA outperforms both the low-resolution data assimilation approach and a version of SRDA with cubic spline interpolation instead of NN. The NN’s ability to anticipate the systematic differences between low- and high-resolution model dynamics explains the enhanced performance, in particular by correcting the difference of propagation speed of eddies. With a 25-member ensemble at low resolution, the SRDA computational overhead is 55 percent and the errors reduce by 40 percent, making the performance very close to that of the high-resolution system (52 percent of error reduction) that increases the cost by 800 percent. The reliability of the ensemble system is not degraded by SRDA.

Link to publication. You are most welcome to contact us or the corresponding author(s) directly, if you have questions.